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Laboratory, Imaging, Certified PennHIP & OFA Screenings

Advanced veterinary diagnostics incorporate the skills and experience of a highly trained team paired with advanced technology and training for accurate interpretation of results. At Village Veterinary Medical Center, we offer both practiced veterinarians and highly trained technicians for diagnostic excellence.

Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory

When minutes count, accurate laboratory testing is critical to the health of your pet. Our fully equipped veterinary laboratory offers speed and accuracy in receiving results, allowing us to implement treatments without delay.

Laboratory technicians perform diagnostic tests for hospitalized patients and appointments, often while you wait. We perform many onsite tests, such as:

    • Complete blood counts
    • Blood chemistries
    • Electrolytes
    • Pancreatitis testing
    • Urine analysis
    • Test for viruses
    • Heartworm disease
    • Tick-borne infections
    • Fecal examinations
    • Ear cytology
    • Aspirates of tumors or skin masses
    • Skin cytology
    • Skin scrape evaluations for mites
    • Blood gases
    • Blood clotting panels

    We utilize outside laboratories for specialized testing, such as urine and skin cultures, thyroid panels, hormone panels, infectious disease screening, PCR, tissue pathology, fungal testing, and fungal cultures.

    We use the best laboratories in the country for the particular test needed: Michigan State for thyroid panels, University of Tennessee for other hormone panels, and Miravista Labs for fungal testing. For routine wellness and ongoing monitoring, we use Idexx Laboratories, located in Memphis, Tennessee. Idexx provides cost-effective, high quality control when we have the luxury of 24-hour turnaround time.

    We offer routine wellness laboratory screening to help catch many conditions early, before they become serious illnesses. Early diagnosis can lead to more treatment options and a better, long-term quality of life for your pet. Ask us which tests we recommend during your pet’s next wellness exam.

    Diagnostic Imaging

    Learn more about the non-invasive diagnostic imaging offered at our hospital:

    Digital X-ray
    Radiographs, commonly known as X-rays, are used to evaluate injuries and conditions requiring more than a routine physical examination. Radiology gives us a non-invasive way to observe your pet’s internal anatomy, providing a more thorough and accurate diagnosis.

    We use radiographs to detect orthopedic conditions, such as fractures, bone tumors, and arthritis. We can also evaluate internal organs for tumors; GI obstruction; conditions of the heart, stomach, intestines, reproductive, and urinary systems, such as bladder stones; and to locate swallowed foreign objects, such as toys or rocks.

    This imaging procedure is completely painless and can be performed on calm and cooperative pets without sedation. We may administer a sedative or general anesthesia for nervous or painful patients or when the specific technique required calls for intricate or complicated positioning. We will discuss with you any sedation needed before performing the procedure.

    Digital X-ray gives us a greatly detailed image visible as a printout, CD, or on a computer screen. This technology offers extraordinary detail and minimal radiation exposure, with the convenience of sharing digital records.

    Creates a still picture or a moving image on a monitor, using a device to emit high-frequency sound waves into the animal’s body and measures when the waves bounce back. Ultrasound is painless and requires no chemicals, radiation, or entry into the body.

    Ultrasound is an excellent diagnostic tool to evaluate the soft tissues of the body, including the stomach, liver, kidneys, spleen, and other internal organs, especially when we are concerned about the possibility of tumors. Ultrasound can be used in obtaining a sampling of abnormal tissues without exploratory surgery. Our trained veterinarians also use ultrasound for echocardiograms to evaluate heart muscle contractions, valves, and heart chamber size, and to non-invasively monitor fetal heart rates during pregnancy.

    Allows veterinarians to see internal organs by inserting a long, flexible tube into the body. The tip of the tube contains a video chip and light to capture images viewed on a video monitor. This procedure lets veterinarians see internal tissue without performing invasive surgery. The veterinarian can also insert instruments through the tube and remove tissue to biopsy for additional diagnostic information.

    Endoscopy involves the use of a flexible video scope, inserted through the mouth or the rectum, to examine the inside of your pet’s mouth, sinuses, stomach, intestines, or colon. The images produced in this examination give us a clear view of any inflammation or ulceration occurring inside of these vital organs. We are also trained to locate and remove accidentally swallowed objects. We use precise biopsy instruments in conjunction with the scope, enabling the diagnoses of cancerous tumors or other gastrointestinal conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease. Endoscopy must be performed with the patient under anesthesia.

    Endoscopy is a diagnostic, non-invasive tool used to evaluate cases of chronic vomiting, weight loss, nose bleeds, and chronic diarrhea. It may also be used on an emergency basis for removal of gastric and esophageal foreign bodies and may be an alternative to surgery.

    Over the years, we have successfully removed many foreign objects from dogs and cats, such as sewing needles, fish hooks, jewelry, underwear, and even a Birkenstock buckle! Our veterinarians receive advanced continuing education and training to maximize successful results during endoscopic procedures.

    We do accept referrals from other hospitals for patients in need of endoscopy diagnostics. Please call to discuss your pet’s endoscopy needs with one of our veterinarians.

    PennHIP & OFA Screenings

    There are two distinct methods used in evaluating dogs for the degenerative joint disease canine hip dysplasia (CHD): PennHIP evaluations and OFA screenings. Our veterinarians are certified to perform both of these evaluative techniques and will make recommendations regarding which diagnostic method will be most useful.

    PennHIP Evaluations

    PennHIP stands for the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. PennHIP is a multifaceted X-ray process to assess the stability of the canine hip and measure hip joint laxity.

    The PennHIP method of evaluation is considered the most accurate tool to predict the development of osteoarthritis, the degenerative joint disease that is the hallmark of canine hip dysplasia.

    PennHIP is more than just a radiographic technique. It is a network of veterinarians trained to perform the PennHIP methodology properly. In addition, it is a large scientific database that houses the PennHIP data. Radiographs are made by certified PennHIP members worldwide and are sent to the PennHIP analysis center for evaluation.

    OFA Screenings

    OFA stands for Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. This screening method follows the American Veterinary Medical Association guidelines for specific radiograph positioning to evaluate pelvic or coxofemoral (hip joint) conformation. This view is accepted worldwide for the detection and assessment of hip joint irregularities. We also offer OFA screenings for elbow, patellar, thyroid and certain breed specific cardiac conditions.

    For additional information about these procedures, we recommend the following websites:

    Contact Us

    Village Veterinary Medical Center


    11301 Kingston Pike Knoxville, TN 37934

    Clinic Hours

    Mon-Tues: 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM, Wed: 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM, Thurs-Fri: 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM
    Sat: 8:30 AM - 4:00 PM, Sun: CLOSED