Preventive care for all pets begins in the first year and extends through every stage of life. At Village Veterinary Medical Center, measures we recommend to prevent disease include vaccinating against deadly diseases, parasite control, baseline diagnostic tests, pet dental care, and regular wellness exams.
We follow the latest guidelines regarding canine and feline vaccine protocols, based on current AAHA recommendations and Knox County regulations. All pets must have a physical exam before they are vaccinated.
Canine & Feline Disease Prevention
We treat every patient as an individual, but basic pet care will likely include the following:
Heartworm Control in Dogs
We recommend once a month heartworm preventive year-round for all of our canine patients. We use Sentinel and Interceptor flavor tablets for heartworm preventive, intestinal parasite control, and the added environmental flea control available in Sentinel. All dogs must have a heartworm test before preventive can be started and are tested annually.
Parasite Control in Cats
Both indoor and outdoor feline patients are given heartworm protection that includes coverage for intestinal parasites. We recommend topical Revolution monthly to control fleas, ticks, heartworms, ear mites, and intestinal parasites.
We test all patients at least annually for internal parasites, including those contagious to family members and other household pets according to recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control. If parasites are found, we institute appropriate treatments.
We consider heartworm preventives to be very important in pet health, as this preventive treatment controls other intestinal parasites such as round, whip, and hookworms.
- DAP (distemper, adenovirus type 2, parvovirus)—Series of 2–3 vaccines, 3 weeks apart, then boostered 12 months later
- Parainfluenza bordetella—Series of 2 vaccines, 3 weeks apart, then annually
- Leptospirosis (4-way vaccine for dogs at risk only)—Series of 2 vaccines, 3 weeks apart starting after 12 weeks of age, then annually
- Rabies—At or after 16 weeks of age, then 12 months later
Canine influenza—Recommended for dogs with risk of
- exposure to other dogs in group settings such as groomers, daycare, or boarding; this is a series of 2 vaccines, 3 weeks apart, then boostered annually
For young adult dogs at about 18 months:
- Rabies and DAP—Boostered, then become triennial vaccines
- Lepto—Annually for at-risk dogs
- Canine influenza—Annually
- 8 weeks of age—1st FVRCCP (feline rhinotracheitis, calici, panleukopenia, and chlamydia, primarily upper respiratory infections)
- 9 weeks of age—1st FeLV vaccine only for at-risk cats
- 12 weeks of age—2nd FVRCCP, 2nd FeLV if needed
- 16 weeks of age—3rd FVRCCP and rabies
We recommend every kitten be tested for feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) at the first visit. We may also recommend this test in older cats with illness or exposure history.
For adult cats:
We only use non-adjuvanted vaccines in our feline patients according to AAHA and AAFP guidelines, thereby minimizing the risk of vaccine-induced sarcomas in cats.
- FeLV—Yearly as indicated in at-risk cats
- FVRCCP—Every 3 years or boostered more frequently as needed